alexa Age-dependent endothelial nitric oxide synthase uncoupling in pulmonary arteries of endoglin heterozygous mice.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Belik J, Jerkic M, McIntyre BA, Pan J, Leen J

Abstract Share this page

Endoglin is a TGF-beta superfamily receptor critical for endothelial cell function. Mutations in this gene are associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia type I (HHT1), and clinical signs of disease are generally more evident later in life. We previously showed that systemic vessels of adult Eng heterozygous (Eng(+/-)) mice exhibit increased vasorelaxation due to uncoupling of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). We postulated that these changes may develop with age and evaluated pulmonary arteries from newborn and adult Eng(+/-) mice for eNOS-dependent, acetylcholine (ACh-induced) vasorelaxation, compared with that of age-matched littermate controls. While ACh-induced vasorelaxation was similar in all newborn mice, it was significantly increased in the adult Eng(+/-) vs. control vessels. The vasodilatory responses were inhibited by l-NAME suggesting eNOS dependence. eNOS uncoupling was observed in lung tissues of adult, but not newborn, heterozygous mice and was associated with increased production of reactive O(2) species (ROS) in adult Eng(+/-) vs. control lungs. Interestingly, ROS generation was higher in adult than newborn mice and so were the levels of NADPH oxidase 4 and SOD 1, 2, 3 isoforms. However, enzyme protein levels and NADPH activity were normal in adult Eng(+/-) lungs indicating that the developmental maturation of ROS generation and scavenging cannot account for the increased vasodilatation observed in adult Eng(+/-) mice. Our data suggest that eNOS-dependent H(2)O(2) generation in Eng(+/-) lungs accounts for the heightened pulmonary vasorelaxation. To the extent that these mice mimic human HHT1, age-associated pulmonary vascular eNOS uncoupling may explain the late childhood and adult onset of clinical lung manifestations.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords