Author(s): Svechnikov KV, Sultana T, Sder O
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Abstract Different isoforms of testicular interleukin-1 (IL-1) were analysed to determine whether there were differences in the ability to modulate rat Leydig cell steroidogenesis in vitro. Rat 17K IL-1alpha and IL-1beta, 32K IL-1alpha precursor (32proIL-1alpha) and a 24K splice variant (24proIL-1alpha) stimulated testosterone production by Leydig cells from 40- but not 80-day-old rats. The potency of the isoforms was IL-1alpha>IL-1beta>32proIL-1alpha>24proIL-1alpha, IL-1alpha being 50-fold more potent than IL-1beta. IL-1 receptor antagonist reversed the effects and IL-1 receptor type I mRNA was expressed by the responding Leydig cells, indicating a receptor mediated action. Inhibition of PKA and Ca(2+) channels abolished IL-1-induced steroidogenesis, while inhibition of PKC had no significant effect. Except for 24proIL-1alpha which was stimulatory, all IL-1 isoforms suppressed hCG-driven testosterone production. This inhibitory effect was abolished by androstendione, suggesting that P450c17 was suppressed by IL-1. Our results indicate that IL-1 plays a paracrine role in the regulation of Leydig cell steroidogenesis.
This article was published in Mol Cell Endocrinol
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science