alexa Age-related immune clearance of hepatitis B virus infection requires the establishment of gut microbiota.


Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Author(s): Chou HH

Abstract Share this page

A unique feature of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in humans is that viral clearance heavily depends on the age of exposure. However, the reason for this remains unclear. Here we show that gut microbiota contribute to the age dependence of HBV immunity in a hydrodynamic transfection mouse model. Although adult (12-wk-old) C3H/HeN mice cleared HBV within 6 wk postinjection (wpi), their young (6-wk-old) counterparts remained HBV-positive at 26 wpi. Sterilization of gut microbiota from 6 to 12 wk of age using antibiotics prevented adult mice from rapidly clearing HBV. Young mice with the Toll-like-receptor (TLR) 4 mutation (C3H/HeJ) exhibited rapid HBV clearance. The results suggest that an immuno-tolerating pathway to HBV prevailed in young mice, before the establishment of gut bacteria, through a TLR4-dependent pathway and that the maturation of gut microbiota in adult mice stimulated liver immunity, resulting in rapid HBV clearance.

This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. and referenced in Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version