Author(s): Fabian E, Bogner M, Elmadfa I
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Since oxidative stress might cause and promote cardiovascular risk factors such as oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL), apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)], asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and fetuin A, we investigated antioxidant enzyme activities in relation to the vascular redox balance and these risk factors in elderly people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this observational study, a total of 102 subjects were recruited and divided into three groups: A (70-74 years/n = 48), B (75-79 years/n = 35) and C (≥ 80 years/n = 19). Activities of the erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) were determined photometrically oxLDL, apo(a), ADMA and fetuin A by ELISA. Plasma concentrations of the lipid peroxidation products malondialdehyde (MDA) and conjugated dienes (CD) were analysed with HPLC. RESULTS: There were no significant age-associated alterations in apo(a) levels, but there was a significant age-related decrease in activities of SOD (A>C, B>C: P < 0·01), CAT (A>C: P < 0·05) and GSH-Px (A>C: P < 0·05), accompanied by a significant increase in oxLDL (AC: P < 0·01; B>C: P < 0·05). Consequently, all groups showed significant negative age-associated correlations between CAT and MDA (A, B, C: P < 0·05), GSH-Px and CD (A, C: P < 0·01; B: P < 0·05), SOD and oxLDL (A, B: P < 0·05; C: P < 0·01), and fetuin A and MDA (A: P < 0·01; B, C: P < 0·05), and a significant positive correlation between oxLDL and ADMA (A, B: P < 0·05; C: P < 0·01). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates a significant age-related decrease in antioxidant enzyme activities accompanied by significantly increased systemic oxidative stress, which promotes the cardiovascular risk factors oxLDL, ADMA and fetuin A in elderly people. © 2011 The Authors. European Journal of Clinical Investigation © 2011 Stichting European Society for Clinical Investigation Journal Foundation.
This article was published in Eur J Clin Invest and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals