alexa Age-related vascular differences among patients suffering from multiple sclerosis.


Journal of Neurological Disorders

Author(s): Ciciarello F, Mandolesi S, Galeandro AI, Marceca A, Rossi M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The aim of our study was to analyze morphological and functional aspects of cerebral veins by means of ecocolor-Doppler in young (i.e., ≤ 30 years old) and older (i.e., >30 years old) patients suffering from multiple sclerosis. 552 multiple sclerosis patients were evaluated by means of a dedicated Echo-Color-Doppler support (MyLab Vinco echocolor Doppler System, Esaote), in both supine and sitting positions. 458 (83\%) showed alterations in their morphological and functional structures of cerebral veins and were divided in two different groups: 1) ≤ 30 (110 patients) and 2) >30 years old (348 patients). Young patients showed a statistically significant higher number of both hemodynamically (44\% vs. 35\%, p<0.01) and non-hemodynamically (51\% vs. 45\%, p<0.05) significant stenosis in the internal jugular veins as compared to older patients. A lower percentage of young patients showed blocked outflow in the cervical veins (50\% vs. 65\%, p<0.01) as compared to older ones. Patients >30 years old outlined a significantly higher disability degree (Expanded Disability Status Scale score: 5 vs. 3, p<0.01) as well as higher disease duration (12 vs. 5 months, p<0.01) than younger. No differences could be outlined about multiple sclerosis clinical form of the disease. It was evidenced that young and adult groups are different kind of patients, the former showing much more cerebral veins stenosis and blocked flow in internal jugular veins and vertebral veins than the latter. Duration of disease could explain such differences: the higher the diseases duration, the higher the degree of vascular alterations and, therefore, the disability degree. This could be due to the complex venous hemodynamic impairments induced by alterations in vascular walls: the blocked or difficult blood flow through stenosis could increase the hydrostatic pressure in the skull and this could induce damages to cerebral cells leading to the genesis of more advanced morphological abnormalities. Furthermore, the vessels' alterations could impair venous endothelial functions which could turn in a possible alteration of the controls of cerebral vein return which could worsen the cerebral vascular outflow. It may be possible that early clinical, pharmacological and/or invasive vascular interventions could exert a possible role in the natural history of multiple sclerosis. Nevertheless, further trials are needed in order to confirm such considerations.
This article was published in Curr Neurovasc Res and referenced in Journal of Neurological Disorders

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version