alexa Aging and immunity.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Vitamins & Minerals

Author(s): Hirokawa K, Utsuyama M, Kasai M, Kurashima C

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The function of the immune system peaks at around puberty and gradually declines thereafter with advance in age. The age-related decline of immunological function primarily occurs in the T cell-dependent immune system and is generally associated with increase in susceptibility to infections as well as in incidence of autoimmune phenomena in the elderly. The age-related change in T cell-dependent immune functions can be ascribed to the physiological thymic atrophy which starts in an early stage of life. Emigration of T cells from the thymus to the periphery mainly takes place in the late fetal and newborn stage, and dramatically declines after puberty. In other words, the thymic capacity to promote T cell differentiation starts to change in the early stage of life in terms of quantity and quality of T cells. Thus, the composition of T cell-subsets in the periphery gradually changes with age, resulting in the alteration of T cell functions in the elderly. The restoration of immunological functions of the aged individuals is possible and might be beneficial for them to cope with various diseases associated with aging. Physiological thymic atrophy is controlled by both extrathymic and intrathymic factors, and is not a totally irreversible process. The process of thymic atrophy might be explained by further understanding of the relationship between the neuroendocrine and the immune systems.
This article was published in Acta Pathol Jpn and referenced in Vitamins & Minerals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version