Author(s): Ramanujan VK, Herman BA
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Abstract Regulatory dynamics of energy metabolism in living cells entails a coordinated response of multiple enzyme networks that operate under non-equilibrium conditions. Here we show that mitochondrial dysfunctions associated with the aging process significantly modify nonlinear dynamical signatures in free radical generation/removal, thereby altering energy metabolism in liver cells. We support our data with a plausible biochemical mechanism for modified bioenergetics that involves uncoupling protein-2 that is up-regulated in aged cells as an adaptive response to mitigate increased oxidative stress. Combining high spatial and temporal resolution imaging and bio-energetic measurements, our work provides experimental support to the hypothesis that mitochondria manifest nonlinear dynamical behavior for efficiently regulating energy metabolism in intact cells, and any partial or complete reduction in this behavior would contribute to organ dysfunctions including the aging process and other disease processes.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy