Author(s): CamilleriBrot S, Davi F, Feuillard J, Seilhean D, Michiels JF,
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Abstract Fifty-one cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related primary brain lymphomas (AR-PBL) were investigated for clinical characteristics; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated disorders; histopathologic features; immunophenotype; Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection; and, when frozen tissue was available, oncogene rearrangements. AR-PBL occurred late in the course of AIDS and were usually associated with other systemic or cerebral disorders and with a low level of CD4 lymphocytes. All cases were high grade lymphomas according to the Working Formulation or updated Kiel classification, and often displayed a multifocal pattern. Thirty cases were classified as immunoblastic with plasmacytic differentiation, 18 cases were large cell lymphomas with an immunoblastic component or centroblastic polymorphic lymphomas, and 2 were small noncleaved non-Burkitt lymphomas (Working Formulation). This latter category is classified as Burkitt's-like lymphoma in the REAL nomenclature. One case could not be classified because of necrosis. AR-PBL showed a high level expression of activation and adhesion molecules. The presence of EBV was detected in most cases, and, when PCR was used, this was a constant finding. bcl-2 oncoprotein and latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1) were strongly expressed. None of the tested cases expressed p53, or were rearranged for bcl-2 or c-myc oncogenes. This study confirms the immunophenotypic specificity of AR-PBL, which may reflect the special immune status of the brain.
This article was published in Hum Pathol
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion