alexa Air bubbles pass the security system of the dialysis device without alarming.
Healthcare

Healthcare

Journal of Palliative Care & Medicine

Author(s): Jonsson P, Karlsson L, Forsberg U, Gref M, Stegmayr C,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract During hemodialysis microembolic findings have been noted after the venous chamber (subclavian vein). The aim of this study was to evaluate if air could pass the venous chamber and, if so, if it passes the safety-system detector for air-infusion without triggering an alarm. Various in vitro dialysis settings were performed using regular dialysis devices. A dextran fluid was used instead of blood to avoid the risk of development of emboli. Optical visualization as well as recirculation and collection of eventual air into an intermediate bag were investigated. In addition, a specifically designed ultrasound monitor was placed after the venous air trap to measure the presence of eventual microbubbles. Speed of dialysis fluid was changed, as was the level of the fluid in the air trap. Thereby a fluid level was considered "high" if it was close to the top of the air trap and "low" if it was around the mid part of the air trap. By optical vision microbubbles were seen at the bottom of the air trap and could pass the air trap towards the venous line without alarming. During recirculation several mL of air were collected in an intermediate bag after the venous line. Ultrasound monitoring exhibited the presence of microbubbles of the size of approximately 5 microm upwards passing to the venous line in all runs performed. Amount of bubbles differed between devices and in general an increased fluid speed correlated significantly with the increased counts of microbubbles/min. No alarming of the detector occurred. A more concentrated fluid allowed higher counts/min when flow was increased to 600 mL/min. Data revealed that air passes the safety-sensor in the air trap without alarming. The presence of air increased in general with fluid speed and a lower fluid level in the air trap. Differences were present between devices. If this affects the patients has to be elucidated. This article was published in Artif Organs and referenced in Journal of Palliative Care & Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords