alexa Airway epithelial cells release MIP-3alpha CCL20 in response to cytokines and ambient particulate matter.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Reibman J, Hsu Y, Chen LC, Bleck B, Gordon T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The initiation and maintenance of airway immune responses in Th2 type allergic diseases such as asthma are dependent on the specific activation of local airway dendritic cells (DCs). The cytokine microenvironment, produced by local cells, influences the recruitment of specific subsets of immature DCs and their subsequent maturation. In the airway, DCs reside in close proximity to airway epithelial cells (AECs). We examined the ability of primary culture human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs) to synthesize and secrete the recently described CC-chemokine, MIP-3alpha/CCL20. MIP-3alpha/CCL20 is the unique chemokine ligand for CCR6, a receptor with a restricted distribution. MIP-3alpha/CCL20 induces selective migration of DCs because CCR6 is expressed on some immature DCs but not on CD14+ DC precursors or mature DCs. HBECs were stimulated with pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin (IL)-1beta or, because of their critical role in allergic diseases, IL-4 and IL-13. Cells were also exposed to small size-fractions of ambient particulate matter. Each of these stimuli induced MIP-3alpha/CCL20 gene and protein expression. Moreover, these agents upregulated mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways in HBECs. Inhibition of the ERK1/2 pathway or p38 reduced cytokine-induced MIP-3alpha/CCL20 expression. These data suggest a mechanism by which AEC may facilitate recruitment of DC subsets to the airway. This article was published in Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords