alexa Airway epithelial cells release MIP-3alpha CCL20 in response to cytokines and ambient particulate matter.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Reibman J, Hsu Y, Chen LC, Bleck B, Gordon T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The initiation and maintenance of airway immune responses in Th2 type allergic diseases such as asthma are dependent on the specific activation of local airway dendritic cells (DCs). The cytokine microenvironment, produced by local cells, influences the recruitment of specific subsets of immature DCs and their subsequent maturation. In the airway, DCs reside in close proximity to airway epithelial cells (AECs). We examined the ability of primary culture human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs) to synthesize and secrete the recently described CC-chemokine, MIP-3alpha/CCL20. MIP-3alpha/CCL20 is the unique chemokine ligand for CCR6, a receptor with a restricted distribution. MIP-3alpha/CCL20 induces selective migration of DCs because CCR6 is expressed on some immature DCs but not on CD14+ DC precursors or mature DCs. HBECs were stimulated with pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin (IL)-1beta or, because of their critical role in allergic diseases, IL-4 and IL-13. Cells were also exposed to small size-fractions of ambient particulate matter. Each of these stimuli induced MIP-3alpha/CCL20 gene and protein expression. Moreover, these agents upregulated mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways in HBECs. Inhibition of the ERK1/2 pathway or p38 reduced cytokine-induced MIP-3alpha/CCL20 expression. These data suggest a mechanism by which AEC may facilitate recruitment of DC subsets to the airway. This article was published in Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version