Author(s): Tanno S, Tanno S, Mitsuuchi Y, Altomare DA, Xiao GH,
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Abstract Insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) is frequently overexpressed in several types of human malignancy and is associated with invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. Recently, IGF-IR expression was reported to be up-regulated in the human pancreatic cancer cell line PANC-1 when cells were stably transfected with active Src. The downstream targets of Src that lead to the up-regulation of IGF-IR expression were previously unknown. We demonstrate here that AKT regulates IGF-IR expression in PANC-1 and AsPC-1 cells. Cells transfected with active Src exhibited significantly more IGF-IR protein compared with vector-transfected cells. Overexpression of wild-type or constitutively active AKT (i.e., AKT1 or AKT2) also resulted in elevated IGF-IR expression. IGF-IR protein levels were higher in cells transfected with constitutively active AKT than in cells transfected with active Src. In vitro kinase assays showed that AKT kinases are activated by active Src and inhibited by dominant negative Src or the tumor suppressor PTEN. Furthermore, AKT-induced IGF-IR expression was down-regulated by dominant-negative Src or PTEN. In addition, cells transfected with activated AKT in the presence of IGF-I were shown to have enhanced invasiveness compared with control cells. These data provide evidence for a link between AKT signaling and the regulation of IGF-IR expression and demonstrate that active AKT promotes the invasiveness of pancreatic cancer cells through the up-regulation of IGF-IR expression.
This article was published in Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Food Processing & Technology