Author(s): Datta K, Bellacosa A, Chan TO, Tsichlis PN
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Abstract The Akt protooncogene encodes a serine-threonine protein kinase which is activated by growth factor-generated signals that are transduced via the phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3-K). Earlier studies suggested that the activation of Akt by PI3-K may be mediated by the binding of D3-phosphorylated phosphoinositides to the Akt pleckstrin homology (PH) domain. On the basis of these studies, it was hypothesized that Akt is a direct PI3-K target. To test this hypothesis, we reconstituted the pathway of Akt activation in baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells. The results showed that Akt, which is normally catalytically inactive in these cells, was activated when coexpressed with the activated PI3-K. Moreover, they showed that activated forms of c-Ha-ras (v-Ha-ras) and c-src (v-src or srcY527F), two molecules that transduce growth factor-generated signals, also activate Akt in a PI3-K-dependent manner in Sf9 as well as NIH 3T3 cells. The activation of Akt by both growth factors and v-ras and v-src (or srcY527F) depends on the integrity of the Akt PH domain and carboxyl-terminal tail. These results show that Akt activation via the PI3-K can be faithfully reproduced in baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells. The same results support the hypothesis that Akt is a direct target of the PI3-K and identify cytoplasmic signaling molecules that may contribute to the transduction of PI3-K/Akt activation signals.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access