alexa Akt stimulates the transactivation potential of the RelA p65 Subunit of NF-kappa B through utilization of the Ikappa B kinase and activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase p38.


International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy

Author(s): Madrid LV, Mayo MW, Reuther JY, Baldwin AS Jr

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Abstract The serine/threonine kinase Akt/PKB is a potent regulator of cell survival and has oncogenic transformation potential. Previously, it has been shown that Akt can activate the transcription factor NF-kappaB and that this functions to block apoptosis induced by certain stimuli. The mechanism whereby Akt activates NF-kappaB has been controversial, with evidence supporting induction of nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB via activation of IkappaB kinase activity and/or the stimulation of the transcription function of NF-kappaB. Here we demonstrate that Akt targets the transactivation function of NF-kappaB by stimulating the transactivation domain of RelA/p65 in a manner that is dependent on IkappaB kinase beta activity and on the mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 (p38). Activation of RelA/p65 transactivation function requires serines 529 and 536, sites shown previously to be inducibly phosphorylated. Consistent with the requirement of p38 in the activation of NF-kappaB transcriptional function, expression of activated Akt induces p38 activity. Furthermore, the ability of IL-1beta to activate NF-kappaB is known to involve Akt, and we show here that IL-1beta induces p38 activity in manner dependent on Akt and IkappaB kinase activation. Interestingly, activated Akt and the transcriptional co-activators CBP/p300 synergize in the activation of the RelA/p65 transactivation domain, and this synergy is blocked by p38 inhibitors. These studies demonstrate that Akt, functioning through IkappaB kinase and p38, induces the transcription function of NF-kappaB by stimulating the RelA/p65 transactivation subunit of NF-kappaB. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy

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