Author(s): Madrid LV, Wang CY, Guttridge DC, Schottelius AJ, Baldwin AS Jr,
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Abstract It is well established that cell survival signals stimulated by growth factors, cytokines, and oncoproteins are initiated by phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)- and Akt-dependent signal transduction pathways. Oncogenic Ras, an upstream activator of Akt, requires NF-kappaB to initiate transformation, at least partially through the ability of NF-kappaB to suppress transformation-associated apoptosis. In this study, we show that oncogenic H-Ras requires PI3K and Akt to stimulate the transcriptional activity of NF-kappaB. Activated forms of H-Ras and MEKK stimulate signals that result in nuclear translocation and DNA binding of NF-kappaB as well as stimulation of the NF-kappaB transactivation potential. In contrast, activated PI3K or Akt stimulates NF-kappaB-dependent transcription by stimulating transactivation domain 1 of the p65 subunit rather than inducing NF-kappaB nuclear translocation via IkappaB degradation. Inhibition of IkappaB kinase (IKK), using an IKKbeta dominant negative protein, demonstrated that activated Akt requires IKK to efficiently stimulate the transactivation domain of the p65 subunit of NF-kappaB. Inhibition of endogenous Akt activity sensitized cells to H-Ras(V12)-induced apoptosis, which was associated with a loss of NF-kappaB transcriptional activity. Finally, Akt-transformed cells were shown to require NF-kappaB to suppress the ability of etoposide to induce apoptosis. Our work demonstrates that, unlike activated Ras, which can stimulate parallel pathways to activate both DNA binding and the transcriptional activity of NF-kappaB, Akt stimulates NF-kappaB predominantly by upregulating of the transactivation potential of p65.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biol
and referenced in Chemotherapy: Open Access