alexa Alendronate modulates osteogenesis of human osteoblastic cells in vitro.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Author(s): Tsuchimoto M, Azuma Y, Higuchi O, Sugimoto I, Hirata N,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The bisphosphonates, which are carbon-substituted pyrophosphates, have been studied extensively both in vivo and in vitro to elucidate their effects on bone tissues and cells. However, because these agents were shown to have a potent inhibitory effect on bone resorption, the majority of studies have focused on only this aspect of bone metabolism. There appears to be less information regarding the direct effect of bisphosphonates on bone formation, so thus we undertook experiments to investigate the effects of bisphosphonates, especially alendronate, on the mineralization and matrix protein synthesis of human osteoblastic cells in vitro. The data show that the bisphosphonates, alendronate, etidronate and pamidronate, suppressed 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25(OH)2D3)-stimulated mineralization of human osteoblastic cells at high concentrations, while relatively lower concentrations of alendronate and etidronate potentiated mineralization of the cells in the presence of 1,25(OH)2D3. The potentiation of mineralization with alendronate was accompanied by increased synthesis of bone matrix proteins, osteocalcin and collagen, and the mRNA of pro alpha(I) collagen. These findings show that in addition to their well-known effects on bone resorption, bisphosphonates have significant and direct effects on osteogenesis in osteoblasts in vitro. The actual mechanism remains to be further investigated.
This article was published in Jpn J Pharmacol and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 9th International Conference and Expo on Molecular & Cancer Biomarkers
    August 23-24, 2017 Birmingham, UK
  • 2nd International Conference on Medical Imaging and Diagnosis
    London, UK
  • 22nd International Conference on Cancer Drugs and Therapeutics
    Paris, France
  • International Conference on Oncology Nursing and Cancer Care
    Singapore City, Singapore
  • World Summit on Cell Signalling and Cancer Therapy
    Toronto, Canada
  • International Conference on Radiology and Imaging
    New York, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version