Author(s): Jonsson B, Astrm J
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Abstract In knee arthroplasty, component malpositioning seems to be a fundamental cause for failure. The degree of malpositioning is important. To investigate this degree, 86 of 137 knee arthroplasties performed with the Townley semiconstrained bicondylar prosthesis were examined after a mean follow-up period of 6.5 years (range, 5.0-8.5 years). Five arthroplasties were excluded because of aseptic loosening, but none of these showed malalignment in postoperative roentgenograms. Clinical results and the patients' reports on deterioration of prosthetic function were correlated with positioning of the prosthetic components. Total alignment between 6 degrees of varus and 7 degrees of valgus was associated with good clinical results. Total alignment of more than 7 degrees of valgus, anterior tilting of the tibial component, or positioning of the femoral component in more than 12 degrees of valgus correlated with relatively poor clinical results.
This article was published in Clin Orthop Relat Res
and referenced in Journal of Arthritis