alexa Alisol B, a novel inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase pump, induces autophagy, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and apoptosis.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Malaria Control & Elimination

Author(s): Law BY, Wang M, Ma DL, AlMousa F, Michelangeli F,

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Abstract Emerging evidence suggests that autophagic modulators have therapeutic potential. This study aims to identify novel autophagic inducers from traditional Chinese medicinal herbs as potential antitumor agents. Using an image-based screen and bioactivity-guided purification, we identified alisol B 23-acetate, alisol A 24-acetate, and alisol B from the rhizome of Alisma orientale as novel inducers of autophagy, with alisol B being the most potent natural product. Across several cancer cell lines, we showed that alisol B-treated cells displayed an increase of autophagic flux and formation of autophagosomes, leading to cell cycle arrest at the G(1) phase and cell death. Alisol B induced calcium mobilization from internal stores, leading to autophagy through the activation of the CaMKK-AMPK-mammalian target of rapamycin pathway. Moreover, the disruption of calcium homeostasis induces endoplasmic reticulum stress and unfolded protein responses in alisol B-treated cells, leading to apoptotic cell death. Finally, by computational virtual docking analysis and biochemical assays, we showed that the molecular target of alisol B is the sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase. This study provides detailed insights into the cytotoxic mechanism of a novel antitumor compound. This article was published in Mol Cancer Ther and referenced in Malaria Control & Elimination

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