Author(s): Dilsat Ozkan, Arzum Erdem, Pinar Kara, Kagan Kerman, Burcu Meric, Jrg Hassmann, Mehmet Ozsoz
An electrochemical genosensor for the genotype detection of allele-specific factor V Leiden mutation from PCR amplicons using the intrinsic guanine signal is described. The biosensor relies on the immobilization of the 21-mer inosine-substituted oligonucleotide capture probes related to the wild-type or mutant-type amplicons, and these probes are hybridized with their complementary DNA sequences at a carbon paste electrode (CPE). The extent of hybridization between the probe and target sequences was determined by using the oxidation signal of guanine in connection with differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). The guanine signal was monitored as a result of the specific hybridization between the probe and amplicon at the CPE surface. No label-binding step was necessary, and the appearance of the guanine signal shortened the assay time and simplified the detection of the factor V Leiden mutation from polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified amplicons. The discrimination between the homozygous and heterozygous mutations was also established by comparing the peak currents of the guanine signals. Numerous factors affecting the hybridization and nonspecific binding events were optimized to detect down to 51.14 fmol/mL target DNA. With the help of the appearance of the guanine signal, the yes/no system is established for the electrochemical detection of allele-specific mutation on factor V for the first time. Features of this protocol are discussed and optimized.