Author(s): Fang X, Neyrinck AP, Matthay MA, Lee JW, Fang X, Neyrinck AP, Matthay MA, Lee JW
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Abstract Acute lung injury is characterized by injury to the lung epithelium that leads to impaired resolution of pulmonary edema and also facilitates accumulation of protein-rich edema fluid and inflammatory cells in the distal airspaces of the lung. Recent in vivo and in vitro studies suggest that mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) may have therapeutic value for the treatment of acute lung injury. Here we tested the ability of human allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells to restore epithelial permeability to protein across primary cultures of polarized human alveolar epithelial type II cells after an inflammatory insult. Alveolar epithelial type II cells were grown on a Transwell plate with an air-liquid interface and injured by cytomix, a combination of IL-1beta, TNFalpha, and IFNgamma. Protein permeability measured by (131)I-labeled albumin flux was increased by 5-fold over 24 h after cytokine-induced injury. Co-culture of human MSC restored type II cell epithelial permeability to protein to control levels. Using siRNA knockdown of potential paracrine soluble factors, we found that angiopoietin-1 secretion was responsible for this beneficial effect in part by preventing actin stress fiber formation and claudin 18 disorganization through suppression of NFkappaB activity. This study provides novel evidence for a beneficial effect of MSC on alveolar epithelial permeability to protein.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Respiratory Diseases and Care