Author(s): Imanishi Y, Saito A, Komoda H, KitagawaSakakida S, Miyagawa S,
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Abstract The goal of the study was to examine if allogenic mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation is a useful therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Buffer (control; group C, n=41), MSCs of male ACI rats (allogenic; group A, n=38, 5 x 10(6)), or MSCs of male LEW rats (syngenic; group S, n=40, 5 x 10(6)) were injected into the scar 15 min after myocardial infarction in female LEW rats. After 28 days, fractional left ventricular shortening significantly increased in groups A (21.3+/-1.7\%, P=0.0467) and S (23.2+/-1.9\%, P=0.0140), compared to group C (17.1+/-0.9\%). Fibrosis in groups A and S was significantly lower. Quantitative PCR of the male-specific sry gene showed disappearance of donor cells within 28 days (5195+/-1975 cells). Secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by MSCs was enhanced under hypoxic conditions in vitro. In groups A and S, the plasma VEGF concentration, VEGF level, and capillary density in recipient hearts increased after 28 days. Flow cytometry revealed the absence of B7 signal molecules on MSCs. A mixed lymphocyte reaction showed that ACI MSCs failed to stimulate proliferation of LEW lymphocytes. After 1 day after cell transplantation, transient increases in interleukin-1 beta and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in recipient hearts were enhanced in group A, with macrophage infiltration at the injection site. T cells remained at the level of normal tissue in all groups. We conclude that allogenic MSC transplantation therapy is useful for AMI. The donor MSCs disappear rapidly, but become a trigger of VEGF paracrine effect, without induction of immune rejection.
This article was published in J Mol Cell Cardiol
and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy