alexa alpha 1-Proteinase inhibitor, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, and alpha 2-macroglobulin are the antiapoptotic factors of vascular smooth muscle cells.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Ikari Y, Mulvihill E, Schwartz SM

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Abstract Serum depletion induces cell death. Whereas serum contains growth factors and adhesion molecules that are important for survival, serum is also likely to have antiapoptotic factor(s). We show here that the plasma proteinase inhibitors alpha1-proteinase inhibitor, alpha1-antichymotrypsin, and alpha2-macroglobulin function as critical antiapoptotic factors for human vascular smooth muscle cells. Cell survival was assured when serum-free medium was supplemented with any one or all of the above serine proteinase inhibitors. In contrast, the cells were sensitive to apoptosis when cultured in medium containing serum from which the proteinase inhibitors were removed. The antiapoptotic effect conferred by the proteinase inhibitors was proportional to proteinase inhibitory activity. Without proteinase inhibitors, the extracellular matrix was degraded, and cells could not attach to the matrix. Cell survival was dependent on the intact extracellular matrix. In the presence of the caspase inhibitor z-VAD, the cells detached but did not die. The activity of caspases was elevated without proteinase inhibitors; in contrast, caspases were not activated when medium was supplemented with one of the proteinase inhibitors. In conclusion, the plasma proteinase inhibitors prevent degradation of extracellular matrix by proteinases derived from cells. Presumably an intact cell-matrix interaction inhibits caspase activation and supports cell survival. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

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