Author(s): Clarke H, Egan DA, Heffernan M, Doyle S, Byrne C,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract 1. The use of the cytoplasmic enzyme, alpha glutathione s-transferase (alpha-GST) as an early index of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) toxicity in the rat was investigated and compared with a standard enzyme, marker, aspartate aminotransferase (AST). The hepatotoxic effects of CCl4 in the rat were determined in a time and dose-response study. 2. Following CCl4 exposure, alpha-GST release was shown to be an earlier and more sensitive biomarker of hepatotoxicity than AST. 3. Significant increases in alpha-GST were detected 2 h after CCl4 exposure. Using the enzyme marker AST, this early hepatotoxic injury went undetected. At 6 and 16 h, alpha-GST was also a more sensitive indicator of hepatotoxicity than AST. 4. alpha-GST release was significantly increased at a dose of 5 microliters/kg, the lowest concentration of CCl4 administered and clearly responded in a dose-dependent manner with increasing doses of CCl4. In contrast, release of AST did not reach statistical significance until a dose of 25 microliters/kg. 5. Thus, these findings indicate that alpha-GST is a more sensitive and more accurate reflector of CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity than AST.
This article was published in Hum Exp Toxicol
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics