Author(s): Zhang M, Lv XY, Li J, Xu ZG, Chen L
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Abstract Recent investigations have demonstrated that activation of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1) in liver and adipose tissue is closely related to the pathogenesis of obesity and diabetes. However, the relationship between alteration of 11beta-HSD1 and the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes in skeletal muscle is still unclear. A rat model of Type 2 diabetes was developed by high fat diet feeding combined with multiple low dose streptozotocin injection (30 mg/kg, i.p. twice). Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test, insulin tolerance test were performed. Fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, total cholesterol, triglyceride were measured. The protein and mRNA level of 11beta-HSD1 and glucocorticoid receptor in gastrocnemius muscle were determined. The alteration of insulin signaling pathway related protein was investigated. We found that the protein levels of 11beta-HSD1 and glucocorticoid receptor were significantly increased (P < 0.05); the mRNA level of 11beta-HSD1 was also elevated (P < 0.05); the mRNA level of glucocorticoid receptor was decreased (P < 0.05). After insulin stimulation, diabetic rats had no significant changes in the level of the insulin receptor beta-subunit (IR-beta), AKT, as in phosphorylated AKT in the gastrocnemius muscle compared to its basal state. Similar results were observed in the protein expression level of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4). Our data indicate that the alteration of 11beta-HSD1 at protein and mRNA level may be related to the abnormality of insulin signal pathway in skeletal muscle, this effect may be mediated by glucocorticoid receptor.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism