alexa Alterations in carbohydrate metabolism in response to short-term dietary carbohydrate restriction.


International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology

Author(s): Harber MP, Schenk S, Barkan AL, Horowitz JF

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Abstract Dietary carbohydrate restriction (CR) presents a challenge to glucose homeostasis. Despite the popularity of CR diets, little is known regarding the metabolic effects of CR. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in whole body carbohydrate oxidation, glucose availability, endogenous glucose production, and peripheral glucose uptake after dietary CR, without the confounding influence of a negative energy balance. Postabsorptive rates of glucose appearance in plasma (R(a); i.e., endogenous glucose production) and disappearance from plasma (R(d); i.e., glucose uptake) were measured using isotope dilution methods after a conventional diet [60\% carbohydrate (CHO), 30\% fat, and 10\% protein; kcals = 1.3 x resting energy expenditure (REE)] and after 2 days and 7 days of CR (5\% CHO, 60\% fat, and 35\% protein; kcals = 1.3 x REE) in eight subjects (means +/- SE; 29 +/- 4 yr; BMI 24 +/- 1 kg/m(2)) during a 9-day hospital visit. Postabsorptive plasma glucose concentration was reduced (P = 0.01) after 2 days but returned to prediet levels the next day and remained at euglycemic levels throughout the diet (5.1 +/- 0.2, 4.3 +/- 0.3, and 4.8 +/- 0.4 mmol/l for prediet, 2 days and 7 days, respectively). Glucose R(a) and glucose R(d) were reduced to below prediet levels (9.8 +/- 0.6 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1)) after 2 days of CR (7.9 +/- 0.3 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1)) and remained suppressed after 7 days (8.3 +/- 0.4 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1); both P < 0.001). A greater suppression in carbohydrate oxidation, compared with the reduction in glucose R(d), led to an increased (all P
  • DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.00069.2005
  • This article was published in Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab and referenced in International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology

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