Author(s): Bnysz T, Kovcs T
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Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the ouabain receptor density, Na+,K(+)-ATPase function and contractile properties of cardiac muscle in insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent rat diabetes mellitus (IDDM and NIDDM, respectively) and the reversibility of the diabetes-induced changes by insulin or thyroxin substitution. IDDM and NIDDM were induced in Wistar rats by streptozotocin injection. Contractile parameters were measured in isolated left ventricular trabeculae. [3H]Ouabain binding to myocardium was measured in right and left ventricular strips obtained from diabetic animals and their age-matched controls. Both the maximum [3H]ouabain binding capacity (Bmax) and the Kd for [3H]ouabain binding, as well as maximum 86Rb+ uptake and rate of contraction, were decreased in IDDM myocardium compared with controls. Insulin or thyroxin substitution reversed the reduction in Bmax and contraction rate, but not the decrease in Kd. In young, but not old, control animals, both Bmax and maximum 86Rb+ uptake were higher in the right ventricular myocardium than in the left one. In contrast to changes observed in IDDM, both Bmax and Kd for [3H]oubain binding were increased in the left but not in the right ventricle of NIDDM animals. NIDDM caused no alterations in contractile properties. Prominent differences were observed in [3H]ouabain binding characteristics and myocardial contractility between young and old control animals. Bmax of [3H]ouabain binding and rate of contraction were inversely proportional in all preparations studied. It is concluded that IDDM and NIDDM induce different alterations in myocardial Na+,K(+)-ATPase, and these changes may influence the contractile properties of cardiac muscle.
This article was published in Exp Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism