Author(s): Tschirner SK, Gutzki F, Kaever V, Seifert R, Schneider EH
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Abstract Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS) is an X-chromosomal disorder with congenital deficiency of the purine salvage enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) as underlying defect. We determined the concentrations of dopamine, histamine and their metabolites in brains of HPRT knockout mice, which serve as an animal model for LNS, and compared the results to those obtained from wild-type controls. Analyses were performed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-coupled tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Besides a decrease of dopamine and 3-methoxytyramine (3-MT) concentrations in the cerebral hemisphere, HPRT-deficient mice also exhibited significantly reduced 1-methylhistamine (1-MH) and 1-methylimidazole-4-acetic acid (1-MI4AA) concentrations in the brain hemisphere and medulla. Moreover, the amount of 1-MI4AA was significantly decreased in the cerebellum. Our findings show that neuronal perturbations caused by HPRT deficiency are not restricted to the dopamine system but also affect histaminergic neurotransmission. These new insights into the brain metabolism of an LNS mouse model may help to find new therapeutic strategies to improve the quality of life of LNS patients. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Neurosci Lett
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuroimmunology