alexa Altered regulation of in-vivo coagulation in orthopedic patients prior to knee or hip replacement surgery.
Haematology

Haematology

Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Author(s): Craven S, Dewar L, Yang X, Ginsberg J, Ofosu F

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Up to 20\% of patients develop venographically proven deep-vein thrombosis after elective orthopedic surgery even under the cover of heparin or low molecular weight heparin. The extent to which the chronic inflammation of osteoarthritis requiring elective orthopedic surgery alters in-vivo coagulation and whether any specific alteration influences the development of postoperative thrombosis are unknown. This study compared the concentrations of activated factor VII (FVIIa), tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), activated factor X (FXa)-TFPI, thrombin-antithrombin, and prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2) in plasmas of 535 healthy individuals (ages 17-76) with those in the preoperative plasmas of 306 arthritis patients (ages 30-92) scheduled for elective knee or hip replacement surgery. C-reactive protein was also measured in the plasmas of approximately 15\% of the participants. Age-adjusted concentrations of FVIIa, F1+2, and C-reactive protein were higher in patients than controls, while the concentrations of thrombin-antithrombin, TFPI and FXa-TFPI were similar. Chronic inflammation in the patients was thus associated with increased coagulation in vivo. Without compensatory increases in the concentrations of TFPI (natural inhibitor of prothrombinase), the elevated concentrations of FVIIa in the preoperative plasmas and the trauma associated with surgery may enhance the risk for developing postoperative deep-vein thrombosis. This article was published in Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords