Author(s): Zrostlkov J, Hajslov J, Poustka J, Begany P
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Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of different calibration approaches in a multi- and single-residue analysis of modern pesticides in plant matrices using liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS). In the first set of experiments the determination of eight pesticides representing different groups of polar/unstable pesticides (carbamates, benzimidazoles, azoles, benzoylphenylurea) in apple samples was performed. The trueness and precision of data obtained by using: (i) external solvent standard calibration, (ii) external matrix-matched standard calibration and (iii) echo-peak internal standard calibration was compared. The last mentioned method is a novel technique providing the possibility to inject internal standard of the same identity as a target analyte, so that its retention time is close to the analyte from the sample. According to expectation, when using external standard solvent calibration the results were under- or overestimated due to suppression or enhancement of analyte's signal by matrix components. On the other hand with the use of matrix-matched calibration accurate data were obtained. With echo-peak technique accurate results comparable to those obtained by matrix calibration were obtained for six out of eight pesticides. In the second set of experiment we used the echo-peak technique to overcome the problem with the response instability in the analysis of chlormequat in pear concentrate samples. As an internal standard method the echo-peak technique provided the possibility of monitoring of signal decrease during the analytical sequence and to compensate this decrease by relating sample peak area relatively to this internal standard.
This article was published in J Chromatogr A
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques