Author(s): Lange NE, Sordillo J, Tarantini L, Bollati V, Sparrow D,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between methylation of transposable elements Alu and long-interspersed nuclear elements (LINE-1) and lung function. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Outpatient Veterans Administration facilities in greater Boston, Massachusetts, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals from the Veterans Administration Normative Aging Study, a longitudinal study of aging in men, evaluated between 1999 and 2007. The majority (97\%) were white. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary predictor was methylation, assessed using PCR-pyrosequencing after bisulphite treatment. Primary outcome was lung function as assessed by spirometry, performed according to American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society guidelines at the same visit as the blood draws. RESULTS: In multivariable models adjusted for age, height, body mass index (BMI), pack-years of smoking, current smoking and race, Alu hypomethylation was associated with lower forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) (β=28 ml per 1\% change in Alu methylation, p=0.017) and showed a trend towards association with a lower forced vital capacity (FVC) (β=27 ml, p=0.06) and lower FEV(1)/FVC (β=0.3\%, p=0.058). In multivariable models adjusted for age, height, BMI, pack-years of smoking, current smoking, per cent lymphocytes, race and baseline lung function, LINE-1 hypomethylation was associated with more rapid decline of FEV(1) (β=6.9 ml/year per 1\% change in LINE-1 methylation, p=0.005) and of FVC (β=9.6 ml/year, p=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In multiple regression analysis, Alu hypomethylation was associated with lower lung function, and LINE-1 hypomethylation was associated with more rapid lung function decline in a cohort of older and primarily white men from North America. Future studies should aim to replicate these findings and determine if Alu or LINE-1 hypomethylation may be due to specific and modifiable environmental exposures.
This article was published in BMJ Open
and referenced in Journal of Phylogenetics & Evolutionary Biology