Author(s): Siegel N, Haug A, Siegel N, Haug A
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Abstract The interaction of aluminum ions with bovine brain calmodulin has been examined by fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroic spectrophotometry and equilibrium dialysis, and by the calmodulin-dependent activation of 3',5'-cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase. These experiments show that aluminum binds stoichiometrically and cooperatively to calmodulin. Binding of aluminum at a molar ratio of 2:1 to calmodulin suffices to induce a major structural change. Estimates from spectroscopic data indicate that the binding affinity for the first mol of aluminum bound to the protein is about one order of magnitude stronger than that of calcium to its comparable site. These estimates agree with a dissociation constant of 0.4 microM derived from equilibrium dialysis experiments. Interaction of aluminum with calmodulin induces a helix-coil transition and enhances the hydrophobic surface area much more than calcium does. A molar ratio of 4:1 for [aluminum]/[calmodulin] is sufficient to block completely the activity of the calcium-calmodulin-dependent phosphodiesterase. Highly hydrated aluminum ions apparently promote solvent-rich, disordered polypeptide regions in calmodulin which, in turn, profoundly influence the protein's flexibility.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Immunome Research