alexa Ambient pH intrinsically influences Trichoderma conidiation and colony morphology.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Fertilizers & Pesticides

Author(s): Steyaert JM, Weld RJ, Stewart A

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Abstract Conidiation in Trichoderma has been demonstrated to be favoured by a low ambient pH and more recently PacC (Pac1) mediated pH-regulation has been implicated in the control of conidiation. In this study, ambient pH effects on conidiation were investigated in three isolates (Trichoderma hamatum, Trichoderma atroviride and Trichoderma pleuroticola) exposed to a single blue-light burst or to mycelial injury. Disks of conidiation were observed for T. atroviride in response to a single light exposure, which clearly demonstrates that all cells are potentially competent for photoconidiation. Previous studies have suggested T. hamatum does not conidiate in response to mycelial injury, however, in this study a clear injury response was observed from pH 2.8 to 3.2. T. pleuroticola displayed three distinct pH-dependent colony morphologies from pH 2.8 to 5.2. Conidiation was strictly low pH-dependent on buffered media and observed at all pH values on unbuffered media. The dependence of the conidial phenotype on the buffering state of the medium rather than the pH per se, was unexpected as it has been suggested that conidiation is PacC regulated. Conversely, excretion of an anthraquinone was strictly pH-dependent regardless of the buffering state. These studies highlight the complexity of ambient pH effects on Trichoderma spp. and demonstrate a need to widen the scope of research to multiple species. Copyright © 2009 The British Mycological Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Fungal Biol and referenced in Journal of Fertilizers & Pesticides

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