Author(s): Flynn ER, Marbury DC, Sawyer RT, Lee J, Teutsch C,
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Abstract Amlodipine reduces blood pressure; however, its effect in the diabetic kidney irrespective of its blood pressure-lowering effects is unclear. This study examined the effects of amlodipine (0, 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg; D(A0), D(A5), D(A10) and D(A20), respectively) for 12 weeks on renal functional and structural changes in the streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat, a nonhypertensive model of diabetes-associated hyperfiltration. Compared with nondiabetic rats, diabetes (D) was associated with increased urine albumin excretion (UAE, 12.6 ± 3.40 vs. 3.73 ± 1.14 mg/day), glomerular filtration rate (2.17 ± 0.09 vs. 1.64 ± 0.12 ml/min/g kidney weight), glomerulosclerosis (0.21 ± 0.03 vs. 0.05 ± 0.01 AU) and infiltration of inflammatory cells (18.5 ± 2.78 vs. 6.92 ± 0.70 cells/cm(2)), but did not affect mean arterial pressure (MAP, 110 ± 4.70 vs. 109 ± 5.33 mm Hg). While D(A20) abolished glomerular hyperfiltration (1.49 ± 0.05 ml/min/g kidney weight) and inflammatory cell abundance (6.0 ± 0.79 cells/cm(2)), it exacerbated UAE (43.5 ± 8.49 mg/day) and increased MAP (132 ± 3.76 mm Hg), but had no effect on renal pathology. These data suggest that amlodipine reduces renal inflammation and abolished glomerular hyperfiltration, but increases blood pressure and exacerbates albuminuria in the rat model of normotensive diabetic kidney disease. We conclude that amlodipine may have limited renoprotective effects in the face of hyperfiltration and absence of elevated blood pressure.
This article was published in Nephron Extra
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta