Author(s): Weiss JH, Hartley DM, Koh JY, Choi DW
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Abstract Extracellular Zn2+ attenuates NMDA receptor-mediated neurotoxicity and increases AMPA receptor-mediated toxicity. Known electrophysiological effects of Zn2+ predict only the former. We considered the possibility that the latter rather reflects AMPA potentiation of Zn2+ toxicity, perhaps mediated by neuronal depolarization and Zn2+ entry through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. High K+ or kainate also potentiated Zn2+ toxicity, and AMPA plus Zn2+ toxicity was attenuated by raising extracellular Ca2+, or by Ca2+ channel blockers. AMPA plus Zn2+ exposure induced an increase in fluorescence from neurons loaded with the Zn(2+)-sensitive dye TS-Q and increased subsequent 45Ca2+ accumulation. The ability of AMPA receptor activation to potentiate Zn2+ toxicity may be relevant to neuronal death associated with intense activation of glutamatergic pathways.
This article was published in Neuron
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology