Author(s): Wang G, Xu JJ, Chen HY, Lu ZH
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Abstract A new type of sol-gel/organic hybrid composite material based on the cross-linking of natural polymer chitosan with (3-aoryloxypropyl) dimethoxymethylsilane was developed for the fabrication of an amperometric H(2)O(2) biosensor. The composite film was used to immobilize horseradish peroxidase (HRP) on a gold disk electrode. The properties of sol-gel/chitosan and sol-gel/chitosan-HRP films have been carefully characterized by atomic force microscopy and Fourier transform infrared. By using fluorescent label, a protein density on sol-gel/chitosan has been calculated to be 3.14 x 10(12) moleculescm(-2). With the aid of catechol mediator, the biosensor had a fast response of less than 2 s with linear range of 5.0 x 10(-9)-1.0 x 10(-7) mol l(-1) and a detection limit of 2 x 10(-9) mol l(-1). Its current response shows a typical Michaelis-Menten mechanism. The apparent Michaelis-Menten constant K(M)(app) is found to be 1.30 micromol l(-1). The activation energy for enzymatic reaction is calculated to be 8.22 kJ mol(-1). The biosensor retained approximately 75\% of its original activity after about 60 days of storage in a phosphate buffer at 4 degrees C. Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science B.V.
This article was published in Biosens Bioelectron
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology