Author(s): Carroll KC, Viollet B, Suttles J
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Abstract AMPK is a serine/threonine kinase that regulates energy homeostasis and metabolic stress in eukaryotes. Previous work from our laboratory, as well as by others, has provided evidence that AMPKα1 acts as a negative regulator of TLR-induced inflammatory function. Herein, we demonstrate that AMPKα1-deficient macrophages and DCs exhibit heightened inflammatory function and an enhanced capacity for antigen presentation favoring the promotion of Th1 and Th17 responses. Macrophages and DCs generated from AMPKα1-deficient mice produced higher levels of proinflammatory cytokines and decreased production of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 in response to TLR and CD40 stimulation as compared with WT cells. In assays of antigen presentation, AMPKα1 deficiency in the myeloid APC and T cell populations contributed to enhanced IL-17 and IFN-γ production. Focusing on the CD154-CD40 interaction, we found that CD40 stimulation resulted in increased phosphorylation of ERK1/2, p38, and NF-κB p65 and decreased activation of the anti-inflammatory Akt -GSK3β-CREB pathway in DCs deficient for AMPKα1. Our data demonstrate that AMPKα1 serves to attenuate LPS and CD40-mediated proinflammatory activity of myeloid APCs and that AMPKα1 activity in both APC and T cells contributes to T cell functional polarization during antigen presentation.
This article was published in J Leukoc Biol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology