alexa Amylase alpha-2A autoantibodies: novel marker of autoimmune pancreatitis and fulminant type 1 diabetes.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Endo T, Takizawa S, Tanaka S, Takahashi M, Fujii H,

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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and fulminant type 1 diabetes remains unclear, although it is known that immune-mediated processes severely compromise the endocrine and exocrine functions in both diseases. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We have screened a lambdaTriplEx2 human pancreas cDNA library with serum from a patient with AIP and obtained positive clones. Sequence analysis revealed that 7 of 10 clones were identical to human amylase alpha-2A. Using a recombinant COOH-terminal amylase alpha-2A protein, we developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay system to detect autoantibodies against human amylase alpha-2A. RESULTS: All 15 serum samples from patients with AIP recognized the recombinant protein, whereas sera from 25 patients with chronic alcoholic pancreatitis and sera from 25 patients with a pancreas tumor did not. Interestingly, 88\% (15/17) of patients with fulminant type 1 diabetes were positive for an autoantibody against amylase alpha-2A. These antibodies were detected in 21\% of patients with acute-onset type 1 diabetes (9 of 42) and 6\% of type 2 diabetic patients (4 of 67). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that an autoantibody against amylase alpha-2A is a novel diagnostic marker for both AIP and fulminant type 1 diabetes and that, clinically and immunologically, AIP and fulminant type 1 diabetes are closely related.
This article was published in Diabetes and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

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