alexa Amyloid beta peptide (25-35) activates protein kinase C leading to cyclooxygenase-2 induction and prostaglandin E2 release in primary midbrain astrocytes.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Hll M, Mksch B, Akundi RS, Waschbisch A, Hoozemans JJ,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Prostaglandins (PGs) are generated by the enzymatic activity of cyclooxygenase-1 and -2 (COX-1/2) and modulate several functions in the CNS such as the generation of fever, the sleep/wake cycle, and the perception of pain. Moreover, the induction of COX-2 and the generation of PGs has been linked to neuroinflammatory aspects of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that block COX enzymatic activity have been shown to reduce the incidence of AD in various epidemiological studies. While several reports investigated the expression of COX-2 in neurons and microglia, expression of COX-2 in astroglial cells has not been investigated in detail. Here we show that amyloid beta peptide 25-35 (Abeta(25-35)) induces COX-2 mRNA and protein synthesis and a subsequent release of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) in primary midbrain astrocytes. We further demonstrate that protein kinase C (PKC) is involved in Abeta(25-35)-induced COX-2/PGE(2) synthesis. PKC-inhibitors prevent Abeta(25-35)-induced COX-2 and PGE(2) synthesis. Furthermore Abeta(25-35) rapidly induces the phosphorylation and enzymatic activation of PKC in primary rat midbrain glial cells and in primary human astrocytes from post mortem tissue. Our data suggest that the PKC isoforms alpha and/or beta are most probably involved in Abeta(25-35)-induced expression of COX-2 in midbrain astrocytes. The potential role of astroglial cells in the phagocytosis of amyloid and the involvement of PGs in this process suggests that a modulation of PGs synthesis may be a putative target in the prevention of amyloid deposition. This article was published in Neurochem Int and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version