alexa An acute rise in intraluminal pressure shifts the mediator of flow-mediated dilation from nitric oxide to hydrogen peroxide in human arterioles.
Nursing

Nursing

Advanced Practices in Nursing

Author(s): Beyer AM, Durand MJ, Hockenberry J, Gamblin TC, Phillips SA,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Endothelial nitric oxide (NO) is the primary mediator of flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in human adipose microvessels. Impaired NO-mediated vasodilation occurs after acute and chronic hypertension, possibly due to excess generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The direct role of pressure elevation in this impairment of human arteriolar dilation is not known. We tested the hypothesis that elevation in pressure is sufficient to impair FMD. Arterioles were isolated from human adipose tissue and cannulated, and vasodilation to graded flow gradients was measured before and after exposure to increased intraluminal pressure (IILP; 150 mmHg, 30 min). The mediator of FMD was determined using pharmacological agents to reduce NO [N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), 2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide (c-PTIO)], or H2O2 [polyethylene glycol (PEG)-catalase], and mitochondrial (mt) ROS was quantified using fluorescence microscopy. Exposure to IILP decreased overall FMD (max \%dilation: 82.7 ± 4.9 vs. 62 ± 5.6; P < 0.05). This dilation was abolished by treatment with l-NAME prepressure and PEG-catalase after IILP (max \%dilation: l-NAME: 23.8 ± 6.1 vs. 74.8 ± 8.6; PEG-catalase: 71.8 ± 5.9 vs. 24.6 ± 10.6). To examine if this change was mediated by mtROS, FMD responses were measured in the presence of the complex I inhibitor rotenone or the mitochondrial antioxidant mitoTempol. Before IILP, FMD was unaffected by either compound; however, both inhibited dilation after IILP. The fluorescence intensity of mitochondria peroxy yellow 1 (MitoPY1), a mitochondria-specific fluorescent probe for H2O2, increased during flow after IILP (\%change from static: 12.3 ± 14.5 vs. 127.9 ± 57.7). These results demonstrate a novel compensatory dilator mechanism in humans that is triggered by IILP, inducing a change in the mediator of FMD from NO to mitochondria-derived H2O2. Copyright © 2014 the American Physiological Society.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol and referenced in Advanced Practices in Nursing

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords