Author(s): Fishman P, BarYehuda S, Ohana G, Barer F, Ochaion A,
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Abstract A(3) adenosine receptor (A(3)AR) activation with the specific agonist CF101 has been shown to inhibit the development of colon carcinoma growth in syngeneic and xenograft murine models. In the present study, we looked into the effect of CF101 on the molecular mechanisms involved in the inhibition of HCT-116 colon carcinoma in mice. In tumor lesions derived from CF101-treated mice, a decrease in the expression level of protein kinase A (PKA) and an increase in glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3 beta) was observed. This gave rise to downregulation of beta-catenin and its transcriptional gene products cyclin D1 and c-Myc. Further mechanistic studies in vitro revealed that these responses were counteracted by the selective A(3)AR antagonist MRS 1523 and by the GSK-3 beta inhibitors lithium and SB216763, confirming that the observed effects were A(3)AR and GSK-3 beta mediated. CF101 downregulated PKB/Akt expression level, resulting in a decrease in the level and DNA-binding capacity of NF-kappa B, both in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, the PKA and PKB/Akt inhibitors H89 and Worthmannin mimicked the effect of CF101, supporting their involvement in mediating the response to the agonist. This is the first demonstration that A(3)AR activation induces colon carcinoma growth inhibition via the modulation of the key proteins GSK-3 beta and NF-kappa B.
This article was published in Oncogene
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology