Author(s): Atkinson KR, Blumenstein M, Black MA, Wu SH, Kasabov N,
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Abstract Preeclampsia is a common pregnancy complication that is an important cause of preterm birth and fetal growth restriction. Because there is no diagnostic test yet available for preeclampsia, we used a proteomic approach to identify novel serum/plasma biomarkers for this condition. We conducted case control studies comparing nulliparous women who developed preeclampsia at 36-38 weeks of gestation with healthy nulliparous women matched by gestational age at sampling. Serum/plasma was depleted of six abundant proteins and analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (n = 12 per group) and difference gel electrophoresis (n = 12 per group). Differences in abundance of protein spots were detected by univariate and multivariate statistical analyses. Proteins were identified by mass spectrometry and expression of selected proteins was validated by immunoblotting. Proteins whose concentrations were selectively associated with preeclampsia included apolipoprotein E (apoE), apoC-II, complement factor C3c, fibrinogen, transthyretin, and complement factor H-related protein 2. An increase in a deglycosylated isoform of apoE3 and concomitantly decreased amounts of one apoE3 glycoisoform were identified in preeclamptic plasma and confirmed by immunoblotting. Altered production of these preeclampsia-related apoE3 isoforms might impair reverse cholesterol transport, contributing to arterial damage. These findings point to a novel mechanistic link between preeclampsia and subsequent cardiovascular disease.
This article was published in J Lipid Res
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics