Author(s): Kuah DE
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To describe an alternative method of dislocated shoulder reduction and to investigate its success rate when used at a ski resort setting. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: Medical center at Australia's largest ski resort during the ski seasons of 1994, 1995, and 1996 (June through early October). The center is a primary care private practice. PATIENTS: There were 199 patients with anterior dislocated shoulders who presented to the center. One patient was excluded from the study because of spontaneous reduction during clothing removal. INTERVENTIONS: Patients had upper body clothing removed, were seated in a chair, and supported in a slumped position by an assistant. The medical officer then performed the reduction once relaxation was achieved. Patients were always offered Entenox (nitrous oxide). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Successful reduction of the anterior dislocated shoulder with or without analgesia. Any complications such as fractures and nerve damage were recorded. RESULTS: The data were recorded by the treating medical officer. 93.2\% of the subjects were successfully treated using the "slump" reduction method. The success rate on first attempt using the slump method was 85.6\%. Of the remainder, four subjects were reduced by an alternative method and five were sent to hospital for reduction under general anesthesia. Four of these subjects had fractures. CONCLUSION: The slump method of reduction for anterior dislocated shoulders compares favorably with previously documented methods. It would seem to be a particularly useful method when parenteral analgesia is either not available or relatively contraindicated. There were no complications resulting from the use of this method, and it is a method that is easy to learn. The slump method is a safe and effective addition to the primary care physician's options in reducing an anteriorly dislocated shoulder.
This article was published in Clin J Sport Med
and referenced in Emergency Medicine: Open Access