Author(s): Vogel JA, Patton JF, Mello RP, Daniels WL
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Abstract This study presents a description of aerobic capacity in a large US population comprised of 1,514 men and 375 women. Such influencing factors as age, training state, occupation, and body composition were evaluated. The population consisted of new recruits entering the US Army from civilian life as well as soliders in a variety of assignments and physical training programs. Age ranged from 17 to 55 yr. With the exception of one older group, aerobic capacity was determined as maximal O2 uptake measured directly by the Douglas bag technique during a standard discontinuous treadmill running procedure. New male and female recruits representing a young civilian population entered the service with maximal O2 uptake of 51 and 37 ml X kg body wt-1 X min-1, respectively, and thereafter increased 5\% during initial basic training. The difference between genders, 30\% on an absolute basis, was 14\% when expressed as a function of fat-free weight. Aerobic capacity was less after occupational training and continued to decrease with age at an average yearly rate of 10\%, or 0.5 ml X kg body wt-1 X min-1. Aerobic capacity varied with intensity of the occupational physical demand, except in groups with significant physical training programs. This first large US population study of aerobic capacity, using a direct treadmill procedure, demonstrates levels consistent with any previously reported population.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol (1985)
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research