alexa An animal model of myopia.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

Author(s): Raviola E, Wiesel TN

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Myopia develops in macaque monkeys when their lids are surgically fused at birth and kept closed for one year. This experimental refractive error has many features in common with human myopia: It is caused by progressive axial elongation of the eye, is often accompanied by fundus changes, and can only be induced before eye growth has been completed. Myopia does not develop in animals raised in the dark; thus, it is triggered by an alteration of the visual input and is presumably mediated by the nervous system. In Macaca arctoides, atropine administration prevents abnormal eye elongation, and this suggests that lid-fusion myopia is caused by excessive accommodation. In M. mulatta, atropine is ineffective; furthermore, myopia develops when lids are sutured after interruption of the optic pathways. Thus, in this species accommodation can be ruled out as a determinant of eye elongation, and other neural mechanisms may be responsible for the refractive error. Our experiments suggest that the refractive state is largely programmed on a genetic basis, but that an abnormal visual experience can disrupt the process of postnatal eye growth and induce axial myopia. This article was published in N Engl J Med and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version