alexa An assessment of mercury loading in core sediments of Sunderban mangrove wetland, India (a preliminary report).


Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Kwokal Z, Sarkar SK, Chatterjee M, FranciskovisBilinski S, Bilinski H, , Kwokal Z, Sarkar SK, Chatterjee M, FranciskovisBilinski S, Bilinski H,

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Abstract This is a preliminary report on total mercury (T(Hg)) in core sediments (<63 microm particle size) of Sunderban mangrove wetland, northeastern part of the Bay of Bengal, India. Cold vapor atomic absorption spectrometry (CVAAS) was used for T(Hg) determination. The concentration varies from 9.8 to 535.1 ppb (ngg(-1)). Results revealed variations over premonsoon and postmonsoon month at different core depth, as well as in studied three sampling stations, located at the site of three rivers: Hugli River (S(1)), Matla River (S(2)) and Bidyadhari River (S(3)). Elevated concentration of T(Hg) in subsurface layer (4-8 cm) of the core at S(2) is attributed to remobilization of mercury from deeper sediment (32-36 cm). Positive correlation is present between total Hg and clay content. Based on index of geoaccumulation (I(geo)) and Effects-Range Low (ER-L) value (150 ppb) it is considered that the sediments are till now unpolluted. As a consequence, there is less chance of ecotoxicological risk to organisms living in studied sediments. Two statistical methods were applied to determine T(Hg) anomalies. Box plot method showed one extreme and three outliers in S(1) at postmonsoon season. Two extremes were found at S(2) at 4-8 and at 32-36 cm in premonsoon period. In S(3) there was no anomaly by box plot method. MAD method was more sensitive than box plot method and T(Hg) anomaly was detected at 12-16 cm in S(3) during postmonsoon season. The data reported are useful baselines for T(Hg) in Sunderban mangrove wetland, India and would be of help in future sediment quality studies. This article was published in Bull Environ Contam Toxicol and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

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