Author(s): Chen BY, Wu CH, Chang JS
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Abstract The toxicity of Co(II), Mn(II), Cd(II), and Zn(II) for Pseudomonas aeruginosa PU21, a Hg(II)-hyperresistant strain containing the mercury resistance mer operon, was determined. The metal tolerance of PU21 was strongly influenced by environmental conditions (e.g., existing metal, medium composition). Dose-response analysis on chronic and acute toxicity (e.g., EC(20), median effective dose EC(50), and slope factor B) of divalent cobalt, manganese, cadmium, and zinc cations in LB medium amended with citric acid phosphate buffered saline (CAPBS) suggested a toxicity series of Co > Mn approximately Zn > Cd for EC(50). In contrast, excluding the likely precipitate of Zn(II), the toxicity ranking in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS)-amended LB medium was Co > Cd > Mn. The metal toxicity in PBS, irrespective of metals, was greater than that in CAPBS. This might be attributed to the presence of citric acid in CAPBS as a chelating ligand donating electrons to hold free metals (e.g., Cd(2+), Zn(2+) tetrahedral ML(4) complex). The toxicity assessment established viable operation ranges (ca.
This article was published in Bioresour Technol and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation