Author(s): MA Kumar, MS Thakur, NG Karanth, B Mattiasson
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The study concerns on-line sequential analysis of glucose and L-lactate during lactic acid fermentation using a flow injection analysis (FIA) system. Enzyme electrodes containing immobilized glucose oxidase and L-lactate oxidase were used with an amperometric detection system. A 12-bit data acquisition card with 16 analog input channels and 8 digital output channels was used. The software for data acquisition was developed using Visual C++, and was devised for sampling every hour for sequential analyses of lactate and glucose. The detection range was found to be 2–100 g l−1 for glucose and 1–60 g l−1 for L-lactate using the biosensors. This FIA system was used for monitoring glucose utilization and L-lactate production by immobilized cells of Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus during a lactic acid fermentation process in a recycle batch reactor. After 13 h of fermentation, complete sugar utilization and maximal L-lactate production was observed. A good agreement was observed between analysis data obtained using the biosensors and data from standard analyses of reducing sugar and L-lactate. The biosensors exhibited excellent stability during continuous operation for at least 45 days.
This article was published in World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
and referenced in Fermentation Technology