Author(s): Subba Rao PV, McCartneyFrancis NL, Metcalfe DD
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Abstract This paper describes an improved microtiter solid-phase enzyme immunoassay for the determination of total and allergen-specific human IgE. This assay technique is unique in its use of the avidin-biotin interaction to increase sensitivity. The avidin-biotin microtiter enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (AB-microELISA) was performed in polyvinyl chloride microtiter plates using biotinylated anti-IgE and horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-avidin conjugate. This AB-microELISA technique enabled the quantitation of human serum IgE in the range of 0.1-5 ng/ml (10-500 pg/test) in less than 3 h. Total serum IgE, whether measured by the AB-microELISA or the paper radioimmunosorbant test (PRIST) was similar (correlation coefficient, r = 0.92). Further, the presence or absence of positive skin tests to 7 specific allergens determined in serum donors generally agreed with the presence or absence of allergen-specific IgE in their sera as measured by the AB-microELISA. The quantity of short ragweed allergen-specific IgE as determined by the AB-microELISA agreed with values obtained by the radioimmunosorbant test (RAST) (correlation coefficient, r = 0.89). No significant interference by ragweed-specific IgG (blocking antibody) was observed in the quantitation of allergen-specific IgE. The AB-microELISA is not only rapid and inexpensive, but also more sensitive than other published ELISA procedures and comparable to solid-phase radioimmunoassays in the quantitation of total and allergen-specific IgE.
This article was published in J Immunol Methods
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques