alexa An efficient method for the simultaneous determination of furan, 2-methylfuran and 2-pentylfuran in fruit juices by headspace solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-flame ionisation detector.


Journal of Experimental Food Chemistry

Author(s): Hu G, Zhu Y, Hernandez M, Koutchma T, Shao S

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Abstract A headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) procedure followed by gas chromatography-flame ionisation detector (GC-FID) analysis was developed and validated for the simultaneous analysis of furan, 2-methylfuran and 2-pentylfuran from juice samples. Extraction at 32 °C for 20 min with stirring at 600 rpm and NaCl concentration 15\% (W/V) was the optimal HS-SPME condition for all the three compounds by using a carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane fused silica fibre (75 μm). The extracted compounds were base line separated on a SPB-1 GC column within 12 min. The relative standard deviations of all analytes were less than 6.7\%. The recovery rates were between 90.2\% and 110.1\%. The limits of detection and limits of quantification were 0.056-0.23 ng/mL and 0.14-0.76 ng/mL, respectively. The results showed that the developed method was sensitive, precise, accurate and robust for the determination of furan, 2-methylfuran and 2-pentylfuran in complex matrices without interferences from other components. Crown Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Food Chem and referenced in Journal of Experimental Food Chemistry

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