alexa An epidemic of parapoxvirus infection among cattle: isolation and antibody survey.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Kuroda Y, Yoshida M, Shibahara T, Matsui T, Nakane T,

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Abstract A disease characterized by papules, nodules, vesicles and, rarely, pustules and ulcers on teats was seen among cattle on a farm in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. A virus was isolated by inoculation of fetal bovine lung cell cultures from a vesicle on a teat of an infected cow. The virus was subsequently passaged in fetal bovine lung and muscle cells in which it produced complete cytopathic changes. The virus was identified by physicochemical examinations and electromicroscopic observation as a parapoxvirus. A seroepidemiological survey was performed on antibody to the isolated virus by the agar gel immunodiffusion test. The isolated virus formed a precipitation line which cross reacted with other parapoxviruses isolated previously in Japan. The positive rate was more than 50\% among cattle in the Kanto district. The positive rate increased with age. It was suggested that parapoxvirus infection might have already been prevalent among cattle in Japan.
This article was published in J Vet Med Sci and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

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