alexa An evaluation of homogeneity tests in meta-analyses in pain using simulations of individual patient data.
Mathematics

Mathematics

Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics

Author(s): Gavaghan DJ, Moore RA, McQuay HJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In this paper we consider the validity and power of some commonly used statistics for assessing the degree of homogeneity between trials in a meta-analysis. We show, using simulated individual patient data typical of that occurring in randomized controlled trials in pain, that the most commonly used statistics do not give the expected levels of statistical significance (i.e. the proportion of trials giving a significant result is not equal to the proportion expected due to random chance) when used with truly homogeneous data. In addition, all such statistics are shown to have extremely low power to detect true heterogeneity even when that heterogeneity is very large. Since, in most practical situations, failure to detect heterogeneity does not allow us to say with any helpful degree of certainty that the data is truly homogeneous, we advocate the quantitative combination of results only where the trials contained in a meta-analysis can be shown to be clinically homogeneous. We propose as a definition of clinical homogeneity that all trials have (i) fixed and clearly defined inclusion criteria and (ii) fixed and clearly defined outcomes or outcome measures. In pain relief, for example, the first of these would be satisfied by all patients having moderate or severe pain, whilst the second would be satisfied by using at least 50\% pain relief as the successful outcome measure.
This article was published in Pain and referenced in Journal of Biometrics & Biostatistics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords